What are Retinoids? What do they do? Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that unclog pores, stimulate collagen production to reduce fine lines, and boost cell turnover to even out discoloration and give the skin a smoother appearance. Depending on the strength used, results can be seen as soon as four weeks. Tretinoin, the first retinoid (branded Retin-A) was first used about 40 years ago as a prescription acne treatment. Patients soon were delighted to discover that when using it they experienced not just clearer but softer, brighter, less-lined skin.
While prescription formulas yield the most impressive results, there is also the downside of skin irritation. Some experience more than others, but if you are one of those who just cant deal with the red, itchy, constantly flaking skin this cream is a great option, and can also improve lines and discoloration, or as an acne treatment.
No animal species are capable of de novo vitamin A synthesis. As such it must be obtained through diet or via topical application. Retinol is one of many retinoids and has been well studied with regards to its vital role in the process of dermal repair and its integrity.
All-trans retinoic acid is the major active cellular retinoid metabolite, and the synthesis of all-trans-retinoic acid from all-trans
retinol occurs in a two-step reaction.
The rate-limiting step in this process is the oxidation of retinol to retinal, and the final step is the oxidation of retinal to retinoic acid. Several cells are also able to catalyze the reverse reaction from retinal to retinol .
The major function of retinoic acid is to act as an activator of transcription factors.
Retinoic acid is the end product that cannot be reconverted and stored in the cell for later use, and is also responsible for many of the symptoms of discomfort experienced when first using Retinoic acid in a topical formulation. Retinol when used at therapeutic levels is less irritating to the skin although it remains an individual reaction.
Ingredients: Organic Aloe Barbadensis (Aloe Vera), Organic Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower Oil), Isopropyl Palmitate (Palm Oil), Pentylene Glycol, Phospholipids, Retinol, Polysorbate 20, Potassium Phosphate, Tocopheryl (Vitamin E), Cassia Angustifolia Seed Polysaccharide, Glyceryl Stearate,Cetyl Alcohol, Stearic Acid, Kosher Vegetable Glycerin, Organic Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba Oil), Wildcrafted Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea), Plant stem cell, Wildcrafted Resina Propoli (Propolis), Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Panthenol (Vitamin B5), Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexyl Glycerin, Xanthan Gum, Citric Acid, Organic carrot oil.